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Showing posts from March, 2020

Differentiate between third party liability and contractual liability. When may the ship seek to limit his liability? List the persons entitled to limit liability and claims entrusted?

An insurance policy is a contract. The insured is referred as first party to the contract. The insurer i.e. the insurance company is who issues the contract is the second party. A stranger to the contract who makes a claim against the insured is known as third party. Third party liabilities: It is obligation to compensate another person harmed or injured or suffered a loss due to negligence or mistake or wrongful act of first party. Third-party liabilities are those liabilities which are caused to any other persons or his property not included in any contract. Contract takes place between two parties hence any third person not a member of this contract is a third party or person. When the insured – first party causes a loss then the second party assumes the insured liability up to the policy limit. Examples of third party liabilities are collision, third party injury or death claim, oil pollution liability, cargo claim, crew claim, unrecoverable general average contribution

You as C/E are requested to inform your company with respect to inspection of propeller in drydock during which you noticed a surface crack on one of the blades. State the steps taken by you as C/E for successful handling of the situation. Also if some surface cracks are noticed on the keyway of a tail shaft, state the steps taken by you for tackling the problem. Explain the effects in case the cracks, as stated are not dealt with at the proper time?

Surface cracks have been noticed on one of the propeller blades:- As soon as a crack has been observed on the propeller blade, the head  office as well as the Classification Society must be notified. The services of a  propeller expert would also be needed in certain cases. Cracks on a propeller surface may be due to:- Physical damage Faults during casting  Physical Damage:- These types of cracks generally occur on the tips and  the leading edge of the propeller. Pitting may occur near the tips on the driving  face and on the whole of the fore side due to cavitation. Propeller blades are  sometimes damaged by floating debris which is drawn into the propeller stream. Such damage must be made good as it reduces the propeller efficiency, while the  performance is improved by polishing the blade surface. If a built propeller is  fitted, it is necessary to ensure that the blades are tight and the pitch should be  checked at the same time. Small surface cracks can be ground ou

Your vessel where you are posted as a Chief engineer is about to enter dry dock. State the co-ordination and information exchange necessary with the master of the vessel for successful entry. Also list the necessary preparation you would make along with earmarking division of duties to the engineers of the vessels. Enlist the inspection and co-ordinations you will make with dry dock authorities for successful coming out of the dry dock?

Drydocking is one of the most important activities that a vessel may come across. Hence good planning and coordination will be vital towards successful completion of dry dock. The dry docking is governed by various factors:- 1) Classification society requirement 2) Statutory requirement 3) Condition of vessel So for a successful dry dock, there should be a good co-ordination between master and chief engineer so that all the works are completed at a time without any casualty. As a chief engineer following are the exchange of information which will be necessary with the master:- Class, survey and statutory requirement Scope of work in dry dock categorizing especially time required, shore gang required, work that is to be done by engine room and dock staff. ROB of bunkers and L.O. to be shared by the master Any requirement for pumping of black water, oil sludge to reception facilities  and its arrangement. Spare requirements as to what all spares have arrived and what will

As a Chief Engineer on a fully loaded ship you are stranded in an island near, the UK coast having no survey facility where the forepeak of the vessel is severely damaged. Explain your actions with reasons and the procedures to be adopted for making a safe return voyage to India?

HOW A STRANDED SHIP CAN PROCEED TOWARDS SEA Let us take a case of an Indian ship stranded near the U.K. coast and its forepeak is  severely damaged. And the ship has to proceed towards India, let us see what  should be done to make the voyage safe and seaworthy. After stranding the following actions to be taken:- Reporting – Master should report the matter to follow authorities                                                                                   a) D.G. com center/ D.G. casualty investigation cell by e-mail       or fax                                                                                         b) Report to U.K. coastguard/ DOT authority by e-mail or fax   c) Classification society                                                             d) P&I local correspondent                                                           e) Owner Refloat the vessel after grounding :-Master should seek maritime assistance service from the U.K authorities. Arran

How to Apply for Seafarer Identity Document(SID)?

Visit and keep passport, CDC handy. (Use Mozilla Firefox browser) Login to the SID portal with your INDOS number and the password.  Click on the link "Apply for SID".  Check the personal details in the form and click to continue.  Fill the address details and click continue  Fill other details and click continue    Make payment through e-payment portal.  Submit the application.  Click on "Schedule Appointment" on the screen to schedule an appointment.  Select the collection centre along with the date and time from the slots available.  Your application would be transmitted online to the verification officer, who will check the application.  Within 10 days of submission of the application, you will receive a notification on the verification result of the application through an e-mail.  You are informed that the fee once paid is non-refundable. Your appointment would be treated as confirmed, only on pa

The vessel where you are posted as Chief Engineer is undergoing drydocking and a serious fire occurs on the deck because of welding work?

1. According to the ISM code the company should make documented procedures to identify describe and respond to potential emergency shipboard situations. The company should establish programme for drills and exercises to prepare for emergency actions. The safety Management System (SMS) should provide for measures ensuring that the company’s organization can respond at any time to hazards accidents and emergency situations involving its ships. 2. As the fire fighting is to carried out on the deck of a ship in dry dock there are several hurdles to fire fighting. Major jobs are being carried out, thus most primary muster stations may not be suitable for muster log. Also, some repairs may be in progress on the vessels general emergency alarm system and thus alarm may not be available there is a possibility that some ships crew have availed of shore leave. Also, several shore gangs are working at different locations ships fire fighting appliances may have gone ashore for pr. Testing/re

United Nations Convention on the Law of The Sea

UNCLOS stands for United Nations conventions on the laws of the sea. It was the outcome of the third UN conference in 1982 and came into force internationally on 16th November 1994. The UNCLOS replaces the older and weaker 'freedom of the seas' concept. The UNCLOS provides a universal legal framework for the National management of marine resources and their conservation. The treaty document consists of 446 articles grouped under 17 part headings and 9 Annexes. One of the functions of UNCLOS is to allocate responsibility to states for setting some standards and enforcing the same standards in various maritime zones to reduce/control the sources of pollution. The necessity of UNCLOS was in order To promote peaceful uses of the seas and ocean To facilitate international communication To enable equitable and efficient utilization of oceans resources To protect and preserve The marine environment To protect promote maritime safety Important highlight/salient features

Different Types of Marine Insurance

There are various types of marine insurance policies available and they could broadly be classified into 5 types. Time policy - Insures property for a period of time. Voyage policy - It insures property from one place to another it may include a date limit. Mixed policy - It covers both a voyage and a period of time of voyage and in port after arrival. Construction policy - It insures vessels while in course of construction not for a period of time. Floating policy - cargo policy that insures a number of shipments. In Canada & US, this policy is continuous and covers all shipments to a limit of liability for any 1 loss. The marine insurance policies that a ship owner can take are 1) Hull & machinery policy 2) Protection & indemnity cover. The insurance policies for a cargo owner include 1) Marine cargo insurance 2) Goods in transit insurance. Hull and machinery policies : These are usually time policies with a maximum period of 12 months. Normally the it