Skip to main content

Bill Of Lading

1. The bill lading is the declaration of the master of the vessel by which he acknowledges that he received the goods on board of his ship and assures that he will carry the goods to the place of destination for delivery, in the same condition as he received them against handing of the original bill of lading.

2. The definition of a bill of lading given in the ―HAMBURG RULES is the following.
BILL OF LADING means a document which evidence a contract of carriage by sea and the taking over of loading of the goods by the carrier, and by which the carrier undertakes to deliver the goods against surrender of the document.

3. A provision in the document that the goods are to be delivered to the order of a named person, or to order or o bearer, constitutes such an undertaking.

4. The bill of lading serves as a
a) A receipt of the goods by the ship-owner acknowledging that the goods of the stated species, quantity and conditions are shipped to a stated destination in a certain ship or at least received in custody of the ship owner for the purpose of shipment.
b) A memorandum of the CONTRACT OF CARRIAGE by which the master agrees to transport the goods to their destinations all terms of the contract which was in fact concluded prior to signing of the bill of loading are repeated on the back of this document
c) A document of title, signifying that the holder has the legal right to possession of the goods it describes.


Types of Bill of Lading
  • Long Term B/L
  • Short Term B/L
  • Direct B/L
  • Combined transport B/L
  • Through B/L
  • Received for Shipment B/L
  • Straight B/L

Hague Visby rule apply to every type of bill of lading.
A typical bill of lading may contain the following:-
  1. reference number
  2. name and address of shipper and consignee
  3. ports of loading and discharging
  4. name of carrying vessel
  5. number and kind of packages
  6. gross weight
  7. description of goods
  8. the place where freight is payable
  9. numbers of original bill of lading
  10. place and date of issue
  11. signature of carrier/master
  12. carrier's standard terms and conditions

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Load Line & Why it is Important

Merchant ships have a marking on their hull know as the Plimsoll line or the Plimsoll mark, which indicates the limit until which ships can be loaded with enough cargo, internationally, the Plimsoll line on a ship is officially referred to as the international load line. Every type of ship has a different level of floating and the Plimsoll line on a ship generally varies from one vessel to another.  All vessels of 24 meters and more are required to have this Load line marking at the centre position of the length of summer load water line. There are two types of Load line markings:- Standard Load Line marking – This is applicable to all types of vessels. Timber Load Line Markings – This is applicable to vessels carrying timber cargo. These marks shall be punched on the surface of the hull making it visible even if the ship side paint fades out. The marks shall again be painted with white or yellow colour on a dark background/black on a light background.  The comp

Difference Between A, B & C-Class Divisions?

IMO Symbol A Class Division  IMO Symbol B Class Division  SOLAS has tables for structural fire protection requirement of bulkheads and decks. The requirements depend on the spaces in question and are different for passenger ships and cargo ships. The Administration has required a test of a prototype bulkhead or deck in accordance with the Fire Test Procedures Code to ensure that it meets the above requirements for integrity and temperature rise. Types of Divisions: "A" Class "B" Class "C" Class "A" Class: "A" class divisions are those divisions formed by bulkheads and decks which comply with the following criteria: They are constructed of steel or equivalent material They are suitably stiffened They are constructed as to be capable of preventing the passage of smoke and flame to the end of the one-hour standard fire test. they are insulated with approved non-combustible materials such that the average tempera

Pump Shaft Alignment Procedure

Types of shaft alignment methods: Visual Line-Up Straightedge/Feeler Gauge Rim and Face Cross Dial Reverse Dial Laser Visual Line-Up The visual line-up method is the most common method of alignment. Used in initial installations, visual line-up allows technicians to analyze the working conditions and feasibility of installation. Straightedge/Feeler Gauge Straightedges are used to determine the offset between coupling halves. Corrections are made under all four of the machines feet. Feeler gauges or taper gauges measure the gap between coupling halves at the bottom and top of the coupling. Rim and Face This method is similar in principle to using a straightedge and feeler gauge, but more accurate since dial indicators are used. The rim reading measures the offset between the coupling halves. The face reading measures the angular difference between the faces of the coupling. Changes are calculated with the same formula as the straightedge/feeler gauge met