- Fire fighting starts from the moment a person detects fire and raises the alarm. First action can be taken right after raising alarm, such as use of portable extinguisher, etc., but such action should not aggravate the situation.
- Ventilators, doors or portholes to the compartment on fire should be shut and not to be opened till a fire-fighting team is available.
- In case a crew member is believed to be trapped, action to allow him to escape should be taken urgently.
- Inform terminal on pre-agreed emergency channel and cease all cargo operations if the vessel is in port.
- When the vessel is at sea we should stop main engine, if necessary and make appropriate signals to ships or port nearby if required.
- If required the Emergency Squad shall take over and attack the main seat of fire, making use of fireman's suit with self-contained breathing apparatus and applicable fire fighting medium present.
- The Support Squad should prepare life-saving appliances.
- Distress signals must be transmitted as and when required.
Merchant ships have a marking on their hull know as the Plimsoll line or the Plimsoll mark, which indicates the limit until which ships can be loaded with enough cargo, internationally, the Plimsoll line on a ship is officially referred to as the international load line. Every type of ship has a different level of floating and the Plimsoll line on a ship generally varies from one vessel to another. All vessels of 24 meters and more are required to have this Load line marking at the centre position of the length of summer load water line. There are two types of Load line markings:- Standard Load Line marking – This is applicable to all types of vessels. Timber Load Line Markings – This is applicable to vessels carrying timber cargo. These marks shall be punched on the surface of the hull making it visible even if the ship side paint fades out. The marks shall again be painted with white or yellow colour on a dark background/black on a light background. The comp